Glaucoma is a group of diseases which cause irreversible damage to the optic nerve – the nerve that carries information from the eye to the brain. It is believed that pressure in the eye causes this damage. Most of the time there are very few signs of glaucoma in its early stages. As the disease progresses people slowly lose side vision and ultimately they can go completely blind. Any vision lost due to glaucoma is permanent.
One major risk factor for glaucoma is family history. If someone has a relative with glaucoma, their risk for developing the disease goes up substantially. Race and increasing age are also major risk factors. It should be noted, however, that people of any age can develop glaucoma. History of eye injury, corneal thickness and use of steroid medications also play a role in glaucoma.
Glaucoma is most commonly treated with eye drops. In rare cases, laser procedures or surgical intervention are required. At Advanced Eye Care Associates, we recommend that everyone gets an annual eye examination so that we may evaluate them for and, if required, treat them for glaucoma.
At Advanced Eye Care Associates we use state-of-the-art instrumentation to diagnose and treat glaucoma. We see emergency appointments immediately so that someone with an eye problem, like glaucoma, can get treatment right away.